Activity 3: Provocation and Response

The following critical pedagogical approach is adapted from Stephanie Nixon et al's article, "Seven-step framework for critical analysis and its application in the field of physical therapy."

Provocation: What immediately comes to mind when you look at the image below? What is shown in this image? What messages are communicated through this image? How does the image portray disability? 

Image used with permission from SickKids Foundation

Response: Disability is frequently linked, in healthcare, with rehabilitation (e.g. physiotherapy, occupational therapy, and all that this entails). Think about disability and the way it is commonly talked about and acted upon in the context of rehabilitation.  

In the discussion board below, please share your responses to the following questions.

When disability is thought of in terms of rehabilitation:

  1. What are the different roles people can take on when you think about disability in this way? (e.g. as a patient who strives to regain function, as a physiotherapist who ...).  

  2. What roles are rendered invisible or less acceptable?

  3. What institutions gain power as a result of this way of thinking about disability?

  4. What are some common assumptions embedded in this way of thinking about disability? What do these assumptions render invisible or unsay-able?  


Nixon SA, Yeung E, Shaw JA, Kuper A, Gibson BE. Seven-step framework for critical analysis and its application in the field of physical therapy. Physical Therapy. 2017;97(2):249-57.

To cite this work: Ng S, Baker L, Friesen F. Teaching For Transformation. An Online Supplement. [Internet]. 2018. Available from

Centre for Faculty Development, University of Toronto at St. Michael's Hospital.